Coriander is a flowering plant that belongs to the parsley family. It is also known as cilantro, Chinese parsley or dhania in the Subcontinent. All parts of the plant are edible, but the fresh leaves and the dried seeds are the parts most traditionally used in cooking. Coriander is considered both herb and spice since both its leaves and its seeds are used as a seasoning condiment. The fruit of the coriander plant contains two seeds which, when dried, are the parts that are used as the dried spice. Coriander seeds are available in whole or ground powder form.
Coriander use can be traced back to 5,000 BC which makes it one of the world’s oldest known spices. It is native to the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern regions and has been used in Asian countries for thousands of years. Coriander was cultivated in ancient Egypt and is mentioned in the Old Testament. It was used as a spice in both Greek and Roman cultures, the latter using it to preserve meats and flavor breads. The early physicians, including Hippocrates, used coriander for its medicinal properties, including as an aromatic stimulant.
Raw coriander leaves are mostly water, 4% carbohydrates, 2% protein, and less than 1% fat. The leaves are particularly rich in vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin K, with moderate content of dietary minerals. The seeds generally have lower content of vitamins, but provide significant amounts of dietary fiber, calcium, selenium, iron, magnesium and manganese.
The Russian Federation, India, Morocco and Holland are among the countries that commercially produce coriander seeds. Coriander leaves are featured in the culinary traditions of Latin American, Indian and Chinese cuisine.
The leaves are variously referred to as coriander leaves, fresh coriander, Chinese parsley, or cilantro. The leaves have a different taste from the seeds, with citrus overtones. The leaves are often used raw and added to the dish just before serving as heat tends to lessen its flavor rapidly.
The dry fruits are known as coriander seeds. The word “coriander” in food preparation may refer solely to these seeds as a spice, rather than to the plant. Coriander seeds are plump and brown in color, have a hollow cavity which bears essential oils that lend to the flavor of the dishes when used in cooking. It is described as warm, nutty, spicy, and lemony citrus flavored.
Coriander is commonly found both as whole dried seeds and in ground form. Roasting or heating the seeds in a dry pan heightens the flavor, aroma, and pungency. Ground coriander seed loses flavor quickly in storage and is best ground fresh.
Coriander roots have a deeper, more intense flavor than the leaves, and are used in a variety of Asian cuisines, especially in Thai dishes such as soups or curry pastes.
- Coriander was also one of the numerous plants cultivated in the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
- Coriander is listed as one of the original ingredients in the secret formula for Coca-Cola.
Coriander can be considered a super seed because its regular use can bring about various health benefits. In Ayurveda, it is often recommended for stomach related ailments. Here are some reasons to include coriander in your daily diet.
According to a research done by the California University of Ayurveda, coriander seeds have antiseptic properties and are quite effective in healing many skin ailments like eczema, itchy skin, rashes and inflammation. They are known to cure mouth ulcers and sores as well. The seeds contain linoleic acid that has pain relieving properties to address irritation.
Helps Control Diabetes
The regular use of coriander seeds helps control blood sugar. According to a study published in The British Journal of Nutrition, the extracts from coriander seeds contain compounds that cause anti-hyperglycaemic, insulin discharging and insulin like movement that regulate glucose levels within recommended limits.
Facilitates Hair Growth
Coriander seeds are known to prevent hair fall and invigorate the roots for the development of new hair. They fortify the hair follicles and induce growth.
Coriander seeds have anti-oxidant properties and dietary fiber that facilitate liver function and bowel moments. They help generate digestive compounds and juices that assist digestion.
Helps Control Cholesterol
Coriander seeds contain a compound called ‘coriandrin’ that controls the process of lipid digestion and aids in reducing cholesterol levels. As per Ayurveda, the seeds have potent effect on the way the body digests food and absorbs fat, making it a common recommendation to keep cholesterol levels under control.
Helps Cure Cold and Flu
Coriander seeds have numerous key vitamins like folic acid, vitamin A and beta-carotene, and most importantly, vitamin C. Coriander leaves and seeds contain nearly 30% of the everyday recommended measure of vitamin C, which helps in curing cold and flu.
Prevents Menstrual Irregularities
Coriander seeds contain natural stimulants that stimulate endocrine glands to secrete and maintain proper hormonal balance, which reduces the pain associated with the cycle, and excess menstrual flow is eased. They also help prevent menstrual irregularities.coriander (dhania) powder ,coriander powder ,coriander powder advantages ,coriander powder benefits ,coriander powder benefits and side effects ,coriander powder contents