Olive oil is a liquid fat obtained from olives. The oil is produced by crushing and then subsequent pressing of olives. Olive oil is commonly used in cooking, whether for frying or as a salad dressing. It is also used in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, soaps, fuel for traditional oil lamps, and has additional application in some religions.
As plants native to Africa, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean, olive trees and the olives they produce have one of the longest food histories among all known foods. The pressing of olive oil from olives dates back at least 3,000 years. European colonizers of North and Central America brought olive trees to what are now Mexico and the United States.
Olive oil is available in a variety of grades, which reflect the degree to which it has been processed.
Extra virgin olive oil is the highest grade of virgin oil derived by cold mechanical extraction without use of solvents or refining methods. Extra virgin olive oil accounts for less than 10% of oil in many producing countries but is far higher in the Mediterranean countries.
Virgin olive oil is a lesser grade of virgin oil, and is judged to have a good taste, but may include some sensory defects.
Refined olive oil is virgin oil that has been refined using charcoal and other chemical and physical filters. Oils labeled as Pure olive oil or Olive oil are primarily refined olive oil, with a small addition of virgin for taste.
Olive pomace oil is refined pomace olive oil, often blended with some virgin oil. It is fit for consumption, but may not be described simply as olive oil. However, it has the same fat composition as regular olive oil, giving it the same health benefits.
Benefits of Olive Oil
The health effects of dietary fat are controversial.However, experts agree that olive oil, especially extra virgin olive oil, is good for the health. Here are the prominent health benefits of olive oil that are supported by scientific research.
- Rich in Healthy Monounsaturated Fats
- Contains Large Amounts of Antioxidants
- Strong Anti-Inflammatory Properties
- Helps Prevent Strokes
- Protects Against Heart Disease
- Effective Against Weight Gain and Obesity
- Reduces Type 2 Diabetes Risk
- Antibacterial Properties
Make olive oil a part of your diet and always select premium quality Puro Olive Oil